Culture of the Republic of Moldova
The culture of the Republic of Moldova represents a large gamut of cultural activities: literature, theatre, music, fine arts, architecture, cinematography, broadcasting and television, photographic art, design, circus, folk art, archives and libraries, books editing, scientific research, cultural tourism and so on.
Three concert performing institutions carry out the academic concert activity: ”Serghei Lunchevici” National Philharmonic Society (2 concert halls, symphony orchestra, choral chapel, folk songs group); Organ Hall (chamber orchestra and chamber choir); National Palace („Moldova-concert” Concert and Impresario Organization: artistic formations of music and folk dance, light music).
The Republic of Moldova has a total of 22 theatrical performance institutions: 18 drama theatres, an opera and ballet theatre, an ethno-folkloric theatre and 2 puppet shows. 17 are situated in the country capital and 5 – in other areas. The most important theaters successfully participate in festivals abroad, organize international festivals inside the country, tours to France, Italy, USA, Russia, Japan, China, Romania, other countries.
The term „fine arts” naturalized in the Republic of Moldova includes three genres: painting (monumental and easel painting), graphics (easel, books, posters, advertisement and others) and sculpture („en ronde-bosse” plastic, bas-relief, high relief, perspective relief etc.). Over the last years in Moldova there appeared „video-art”, „kinetic sculpture”, „computer graphics”, „body-art”, „performance” and others.
The folk art is being represented by a reach variety of genres, types and species. The most of them are referred to the sphere of „decorative arts”: ceramics, popular carpet, traditional clothes, stonework and woodwork, leather, rod, metal working, popular toys etc.
Exhibition halls: „Constantin Brancusi” Exhibition Center, Moldova National Museum of Arts, private exhibition galleries.
The Moldovan folklore has a strong basis of Dacian-Latin origin and embraces a system of popular confessions and customs, which are specifically defined by means of music and dance, oral poetry and prose, mythology, rites, popular theatre etc. This cultural inheritance in all its manifestations represents a large area of national art of special value, which not only preceded its cultural forms but also continued to develop in the modern era conferring to the professional culture its ethnical originality.
The Republic of Moldova has an important cultural inheritance of incontestable value: archeological sites, dwelling houses, country estates, fortresses, cloisters / monasteries and churches, monumental art works, monuments and technical equipment, building ensembles – squares, streets, quarters, villages and urban centers or traditional architecture ethnographic areas.
The mobile cultural inheritance is owned by 87 country museums, of them 5 museums and 7 branches are directly subordinated to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism; 66 of them – to local public authorities. Their funds include about 700.000 units which are a part of national and world culture and history.
The archeological inheritance of the Republic of Moldova is reach in ancient works of art. There were discovered sculptural models of as far back as the late Paleolithic age. The ceramics of „Cucuteni-Tripolie” culture from the Eneolithic Age is attested in several areas of the Republic of Moldova and it has incontestable artistic valences representing a whole mythology in pictures.
Culture of ethnic minorities
In the Republic of Moldova there are many ethno-cultural associations. 18 minorities – the Ukrainians, Russians, Bulgarians, Gagauzians, Jews, Byelorussians, Poles, Germans, Gypsies, Greeks, Lithuanians, Armenians, Azerbaijanians, Tatars, Chuvashs, Italians, Koreans, Uzbeks – have associations which operate under the form of communities, societies, unions, centers, cultural foundations etc.
By virtue of the principle of equality and universality of cultural legislation, the ethnic minorities have the possibility to develop their traditional culture and national art. In Chisinau there is the Russian Dramatic Theatre „A.P.Cehov”; in Ceadir-Lunga (ATU Gagauzia) – the Gagauzian Dramatic Theatre „Mihail Cekir”; in Taraclia – the Theater of the Bulgarians from Bessarabia „Olimpii Panov”.