The European integration is an irreversible strategic objective of the foreign and domestic policy of the Republic of Moldova.
The Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) represents the legal framework for the Republic of Moldova-European Union relationship. The Agreement was signed on 28 November 1994 and entered into force on 1 July 1998 for the next 10 years. This arrangement provides for a basis of cooperation with the EU in the political, commercial, economic, legal, cultural and scientific areas. Its objective is to support the Republic of Moldova in the following:
Strengthening of the democracy and the rule of law to guarantee the protection of human rights and the rights of minorities by ensuring an adequate framework for political dialogue;
Sustainable development of the economy and finalizing of the transition towards the market economy by promoting trade exchanges, investments and harmonious economic relationships.
The relationship between the Republic of Moldova and the European Union are institutionalized through three responsible structures in charge of enhancing the political dialogue and monitoring of PCA implementation, and namely: Moldova-EU Cooperation Council, Moldova–EU Cooperation Committee and Moldova–EU Cooperation Sub-committees and Moldova–EU Parliamentary Cooperation Committee.
The Republic of Moldova signed the Moldova-EU Action Plan on 22 February 2005 in Brussels within the frameworks of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The Moldova-EU Action Plan is a document which includes the strategic objectives and specific actions for achieving these objectives. The implementation of the Action Plan will enhance considerably the process of legislative approximation and adjusting to the EU standards. The implementation of the objectives and actions from the Moldova – EU Action Plan will create proper conditions to advance the level in relations with the EU.
The European integration policy of the Republic of Moldova is based on two main pillars: (i) implementation of the Moldova – EU Action Plan and (ii) using the possibilities of the Republic of Moldova deriving from the participation in all the regional initiatives of the South Eastern Europe - the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, South Eastern European Cooperation Process (SEECP) and future amended Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA). These are two main directions towards the European integration of the Republic of Moldova, which often overlap and complete each other.
There is a political consensus on the implementation of the two priority objectives of the Republic of Moldova: the European integration and the state reintegration.
On 24 March 2005 the Moldovan Parliament Declaration on the political partnership for the achievement of the objectives of the European Integration was adopted. It stipulates a broad consensus of the four parliamentary factions regarding the gradual and irreversible promotion of the strategic course towards the European Integration. Following this Declaration, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova has adopted a series of important legislative measures to strengthen the democracy and rule of law in the Republic of Moldova, which were developed with the participation of the civil society and the opposition.
The Republic of Moldova undertakes efforts to launch during 2007 the discussions on advancing the legal status of our country to obtain a different status than that of a neighbour state.
On 4 May 2006 the Republic of Moldova became a full-right member of the South Eastern Europe Cooperation Process (SEECP). It confirms again the affiliation of the Republic of Moldova to the South Eastern European space and provides new perspectives for Moldova – EU relationships.
In order strengthen the position of the Republic of Moldova to progress on the way to the European integration it is of utmost importance to fully and timely implement the provisions of the EU-Moldova Action Plan.
On the institutional level a mechanism for coordination and monitoring of the implementation of the Action Plan was set up by establishing four Inter-ministerial Committees, which activity is coordinated by four specialized ministries. The Ministry of the Foreign Affairs and European Integration has the general monitoring and coordinating role.
Within the implementation of the EU-Moldova Action Plan special attention is paid to the coordination of the reforms in compliance with the standards and experience of the EU member-states. In particular, the following priorities were set up:
1.To deepen the process of reforming the national justice system, through the development of a Strategy for complex reforms for short-, medium- and long-term and of a funding programme.
2.To develop a new Information and Communication Strategy for European Integration.
3.To establish a sustainable dialogue with the civil society throughout the implementation of the reforms.
4.To ensure the freedom of expression and of mass-media.
5.To establish bilateral cooperation with the EU member-states to implement the reforms in domestic affairs area.
6.To improve the border management with the support of the EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM), including on the Transnistrean sector of the border.
7.To sign the visa facilitation and readmission agreement with the European Union.
8.To obtain Autonomous Trade Preferences for the Republic of Moldova by signing an agreement in this regard with the European Community.
9.To initiate the negotiations on a new Agreement between the Republic of Moldova and the European Community that would offer Moldova a clear perspective of joining the European Union.